An era is coming to an end: Apple Silicon is ending Hackintosh

An era is coming to an end: Apple Silicon is ending Hackintosh

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hackintosh

Our title is sure that Hackintosh This upset many of our readers who use macOS on their computers. But it can mean good or bad. In this Hackintosh article, Apple Silicon We’ll talk about processors and some of our predictions for the future.

What is Hackintosh?

Under normal circumstances, macOS are operating systems designed to run only on computers manufactured by Apple. Earlier Computer/Windows For this reason, it was not possible to install it on our devices, which we call the platform. We can say that Hackintosh emerged as a method to use macOS on non-Apple computers.

Apple, which previously produced Mac devices with PowerPC processors developed by IBM, changed in 2006 and began to release computers in the Intel x86 architecture. So the PC/Windows platform and Apple’s newer Macs essentially ran the same set of commands. A group of developers then managed to run macOS on non-Apple computers using bootloaders and various proprietary drivers.

From a legal standpoint, macOS can only be used on official Mac computers, although Apple licensed the operating system to third-party computer manufacturers when Steve Jobs left the company, in due to financial difficulties. However, since the company does not take legal action against Hackintosh or stand up to the community, those who make money from this company and people who like to deal with something have kept Hackintosh in life until today.

Why is Hackintosh dying?

In fact, the answer lies indirectly in the initial phase of Hackintosh. As PowerPC was no longer enough, Apple switched to Intel processors in its devices, and we said that as a result, Hackintosh appeared indirectly. Unfortunately, Intel couldn’t keep up with small processor overheating issues during the 15 years it was preferred by Apple. In the competitive market where thinness, lightness and portability are most important, the Macbook brand was now notorious for noise and temperature issues. Due to the high power consumption, it was not possible to produce devices with sufficient autonomy. In the case of iPhones and iPads, where Apple uses its own chips, the situation was positively opposite. They were silent, no fan noise and no heating.

Apple, AMD While the company was expected to fill this gap on the Mac side with next-gen and reasonable Ryzen processors, it decided to produce its own processor under the Silicon brand and preferred ARM as its architecture. The abandonment of the usual Intel x86 in the PC world and the switch to ARM, which is mainly used in mobile devices, has caused confusion for many. While some said Apple would fail to achieve the performance it was looking for with ARM processors, others supported this drastic change.

Apple M1 When it was released, it was found to be heat efficient, energy efficient, and quite good in terms of performance. However, since not all programs are compatible with the architecture used by this processor, an emulator called Rosetta 2 was developed to run programs written according to Apple’s x86-x64 instruction set on ARM. At the same time, it was announced that support will continue to be provided for a period of time for Macs with previously sold Intel processors.

Currently, versions of macOS compatible with Intel and Apple Silicon are released, but no versions or updates of macOS for Intel processors will be available after this support period ends. Hackintosh will have to go away from this day on, because as we mentioned our normal computers and devices with Apple Silicon processors use different instruction sets.

If you’re asking if it’s not possible to use an emulator in reverse, like Apple does from x86-x64 to ARM, it’s possible, but not worth it because of the difference in performance and thousands of issues that can arise. Developing such a solution can be considered quite difficult.

Apple gets rid of issues that required a Hackintosh

The main reason many people didn’t buy an Apple computer was that it offered poor performance for its price. Compared to the PC/Windows side, processors that most users wouldn’t prefer were used in Macs, often it wasn’t even possible to install an external video card. Apple’s support for alternative hardware was also minimal.

On the laptop side, the situation was more dire, in older models soldered memory with very low speed and quantity was preferred. You could not do this if those memories were corrupted or if you wanted to upgrade. Models with higher performance and memory with GB were sold so expensive that they could make a difference of thousands of lire.

Naturally, it made more sense for people to buy a non-Apple computer and build a Mac on it with support from independent developers. Hardware support, updates, custom images, etc., which Apple did not officially offer, were offered to users fairly well by the Hackintosh communities.

Today the situation is different. Apple’s Silicon called ARM processors and computers produced accordingly can meet all the needs of a Mac user. Less heating, longer autonomy and higher performance compared to Intel processors, integrated GPU and finesse… We also talked about the Macbook Pro M1, which we experienced for 3 months, in a video. Those interested can watch it below.

The only sad thing about the demise of Hackintosh is that many people will be deprived of the macOS experience in the future, as not everyone can easily access Apple products in countries with very high exchange rates. high, like us. Computer enthusiasts or those who need macOS for special purposes, social technopatShe was able to do this, thanks to the support offered by the communities, as in . However, as the development of the x86-x64 architecture will soon stop, an era will come to an end, since no one will rewrite the ARM-oriented system without expecting anything in return from a different architecture.

Likely…

After Apple broke the taboo that ARM would not provide enough performance in the computer industry, many companies including Intel and Microsoft turned to ARM. As Windows trials for the ARM architecture accelerated, Intel used an architecture called big.LITTLE, which uses a combination of general-purpose and high-performance cores in its 12th-generation processors on the x86-platform. x64, following inspiration.

Qualcomm took a stake in ARM, Nvidia entered a controversial acquisition process by the authorities to own the whole company. Although those agreements were later severed for legal reasons, ARM’s current owner, Japanese Softbank, has announced that it will put the company up for sale in 2023. Intel, on the other hand, appears to be one of the new contenders. because of its investments and its approaches.

It has always been so throughout history. An invention is first introduced and then competition allows it to develop and reach different points. Until today, x86-x64, namely the AMD64 architecture, was considered the only alternative for the PC world. Apple, on the other hand, managed to grab some attention by revealing that ARM is both more advantageous and better in many ways.

As we will not be able to reduce the size of transistors below a certain limit in the years to come, we can say that there will be three alternatives in front of us to have more efficient computers. The first of these is quantum computers – of which we have yet to see a working example – will spread throughout our homes, or if we always stay on x86-x64 we will only be able to achieve high performance with larger processors than the current ones. As it will cause too much heat, it will not be possible to use it in many portable devices. Because warming = extra thickness. To bring a heater back to its normal temperature level, you need a relatively large cooling system.

Unlike these situations, ARM is an unusual structure. Although it is still at a level that can be described as “raw” for its use in computers, we find that it offers very satisfactory performance accompanied by low heating, in the M1, one bigger examples. Maybe in the future, if we all start using ARM, we can use Hackintosh again because it’s the same architecture, who knows?

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