monkey flower Association of Infectious Disease Specialists. Dr. Nafiz Kocak said it was usually a mild illness and got better within a few weeks without treatment. Assoc. Dr. Kocak said:monkey flower disease observed in some animals, including humans; It is an infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus. The Congo type of the virus, which has two strains, can be fatal in 10% of cases, while the fatality rate for the West African strain confirmed in the UK outbreak is around 1%. In the last outbreak, no deaths have yet been reported,” he said.
“NECK SPHORE IS INDICATED WITH BACK PAIN”
Describing the first signs of monkeypox, which has so far been rare in the tropical rainforests of central and western Africa, Assoc. Dr. Koçak said: “Fever, headache, neck swelling, back pain, muscle aches and weakness. In more severe cases, a rash similar to that seen in chickenpox and smallpox may develop, usually on the face and genitals. People infected with monkeypox usually start showing symptoms 4 to 20 days after infection. There are two different genetic groups, Central African and West African. “The Central African monkeypox virus in humans is more severe and has a higher mortality rate than the West African virus,” he said.
“CAN BE SPREAD BY CONTACT WITH MONKEYS, SQUIRRELS AND RATS”
Assoc. Dr. Koçak said: “This virus can be transmitted from person to person through contact with things such as lesions, bodily fluids, respiratory droplets and bedding, skin abrasions, respiratory tract, eyes, nose or mouth It can also be transmitted through direct contact during sexual intercourse It can also be transmitted by infected animals such as monkeys, rats and squirrels Eating undercooked meat from ‘infected animals is also a possible risk factor. It can also be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her child and fetus through the placenta. The incubation period (from infection to onset of symptoms) is usually 6 to 13 days, but it can vary between 4 and 20 days,” he explained.
“THE MORTALITY RATE OF SMALL CHILDREN IS HIGH”
Stating that the course of infection is divided into two periods, Assoc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak said, “Fever, severe headache, swollen lymph nodes, back and muscle pain, and severe symptoms of weakness are observed during the first 5 days. Swollen lymph nodes are a distinctive feature of cases of monkeypox virus compared to other similar diseases (chickenpox, measles, smallpox). The rash, which begins in the second period, usually begins 1-3 days after the onset of fever. The rash is on the face rather than the trunk. Rashes usually start on the face (95%) and affect the palms and soles of the feet (75%). In addition, the oral mucosa (70%), the genital area (30%) and the conjunctiva and cornea (20%) are also affected. Severe cases of monkeypox are more common in children. “Capitality rates for monkeypox virus range from 0-11% in the general population and are highest in young children.”
“SHOULD BE HYGIENIC”
Assoc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak has listed the measures that can be taken to prevent Monkeypox virus infection as follows:
“Contact with animals that may harbor the virus should be avoided (including sick or found dead animals in areas where monkeypox occurs). Contact with any material that has come into contact with a sick animal should should be avoided Infected patients should be isolated from other people who may be infected Good hand hygiene should be practiced after contact with infected animals or people Washing with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer is sufficient Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) should be used when in contact with patients Mask should be worn.
Assoc. Dr. Koçak said: “Given the accuracy and sensitivity of the diagnosis; the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the preferred laboratory test. A biopsy is an option when available. Antigen and antibody detection methods do not provide specific confirmation of monkeypox. Therefore, blood tests and antigen detection methods are not recommended for diagnosis or case investigation when resources are limited.
“UNDER 42 IS OPEN TO INFECTION”
Emphasizing that there is no proven specific treatment, Assoc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak, smallpox vaccine, antivirals, and intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) obtained from people who have had smallpox can be used to control the monkeypox outbreak. With this, the original smallpox vaccines (first generation) are no longer available to the public. Populations under the age of 42 worldwide are vulnerable to infection due to the halt in smallpox vaccination programs. Since monkeypox is closely related to the virus that causes smallpox, smallpox vaccines can be used preventively. In case of catching the disease, results can be obtained from the application even within the first 5 days. The smallpox vaccine offers cross-protection against all smallpox viruses.