As the coronavirus pandemic continues, monkeypox disease, which has alarmed the world, continues to spread. While WHO has confirmed 80 cases of monkeypox so far, Infectious Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. A critical warning came from Nafiz Kocak. “Population under 42 worldwide is vulnerable to infection due to the end of smallpox vaccination programs,” Assoc said. Dr. Nafiz Koçak called for “wearing a mask”.
There is a panic in the world after the coronavirus monkeypox disease (Kovid-19). Monkeypox, known as one of the rare diseases caused by an endemic virus, has also been observed in Mexico. The WHO, which has confirmed 80 cases of monkeypox so far, is investigating 50 cases.
Association of Infectious Disease Specialists. Dr. Important statements came from Nafiz Koçak. Assoc. Dr. Koçak said it was usually a mild illness and healed within weeks without treatment.
Assoc. Dr. Koçak said, “Monkey pox disease is seen in some animals, including humans; It is an infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus. The Congo type of the virus, which has two strains, can be fatal in 10% of cases, while the fatality rate for the West African strain confirmed in the UK outbreak is around 1%. In the last outbreak, no deaths have yet been reported,” he said.
Association of Infectious Disease Specialists. Dr. Nafiz Kocak
BEWARE OF THESE SYMPTOMS!
Describing the first signs of monkeypox, which has hitherto been rare in the tropical rainforests of central and western Africa, Assoc. Dr. Kocak said:
“Fever, headache, swollen neck, back pain, muscle aches and weakness. In more severe cases, a rash similar to that seen in chickenpox and smallpox may develop, usually on the face and genitals. People infected with monkeypox usually start showing symptoms 4 to 20 days after infection. There are two different genetic groups, Central African and West African. Central African monkeypox virus in humans is more severe and has a higher mortality rate than West African virus.”
CAN SPREAD BY CONTACT WITH MONKEYS, CIRCUS AND RAT
Assoc. Dr. Koçak continued:
“It can also be transmitted by direct contact during sexual intercourse. The virus can also be transmitted by infected animals such as monkeys, rats and squirrels. Consumption of undercooked meat from infected animals is also a factor in possible risk. It can also be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her child, to the fetus through the placenta. The incubation period (from infection to onset of symptoms) is usually 6 to 13 days, but can range from 4 to 20 days.
HIGH DEATH RATE AMONG YOUNG CHILDREN
Stating that the course of infection is divided into two periods, Assoc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak said:
“Fever, intense headache, swollen lymph nodes, back and muscle pain and symptoms of intense fatigue are observed during the first 5 days. Swollen lymph nodes are a distinctive feature of cases of monkeypox virus compared to other similar diseases (chickenpox, measles, smallpox). The rash, which begins in the second period, usually begins 1-3 days after the onset of fever. The rash is on the face rather than the trunk. Rashes usually start on the face (95%) and affect the palms and soles of the feet (75%). In addition, the oral mucosa (70%), the genital area (30%) and the conjunctiva and cornea (20%) are also affected. Severe cases of monkeypox are more common in children. The case fatality rate of monkeypox virus ranges from 0-11% in the general population and is higher in young children. »
‘MUST WEAR A MASK’
Assoc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak has listed the measures that can be taken to prevent Monkeypox virus infection as follows:
“Contact with animals that may harbor the virus should be avoided (including sick or found dead animals in areas where monkeypox occurs). Contact with any material that has come into contact with a sick animal should should be avoided Infected patients should be isolated from other people who may be infected Good hand hygiene should be practiced after contact with infected animals or people Washing with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer is sufficient Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) should be used when in contact with patients Mask should be worn.
“UNDER 42 IS OPEN TO INFECTION”
Emphasizing that there is no proven specific treatment, Assoc. Dr. Nafiz Koçak said: “In order to keep the monkeypox epidemic under control, smallpox vaccine, antivirals and intravenous immunoglobulin (VIG) obtained from people who have had smallpox can be used. “
“With this, at present, the original (first generation) smallpox vaccines are no longer available to the public. Populations under the age of 42 worldwide are vulnerable to infection due to the halt in smallpox vaccination programs. Since monkeypox is closely related to the virus that causes smallpox, smallpox vaccines can be used preventively. In case of catching the disease, results can be obtained from the application even within the first 5 days. The smallpox vaccine offers cross-protection against all smallpox viruses.”