What diseases does sleeping late trigger?

What diseases does sleeping late trigger?

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Stating that the sleep pattern of everyone, young and old, has been disrupted by the pandemic, Prof. Dr. Derya Uludüz, “For many of us, staying up late has now become a habit. However, this situation is a serious threat to our health,” he said.

What diseases does sleeping late trigger?

Organized and quality sleep is essential for physical and mental health. However, the professor specialist in neurology said that the time and duration of sleep are as important as the quality of sleep. Dr. Derya Uludüz drew attention to the negative health effects of late sleep as follows…

GENES ARE ALSO EFFECTIVE

In fact, our genes also play a role in our late sleep. Our internal clock is controlled by proteins secreted by various genes. Affecting certain genes slows down the body’s internal biological clock and keeps people awake late into the night. For example, scientists have found that the CRY1 gene, which plays a role in the biological clock, is affected in people with sleep disorders. However, with lifestyle changes, these genetic tendencies can be controlled.

WHAT CAUSES IT?

Diabetes: Eating late when you spend your sleeping hours increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. This is because the biological clock influences how glucose is metabolized in the body. Glucose levels should naturally drop during the day and reach their lowest point at night.

Obesity: Sleeping late at night affects the body’s natural hormones. In people whose biological rhythm is altered, the hormone leptin, which provides the feeling of satiety, decreases and the level of the hormone ghrelin, which promotes hunger, increases. Therefore, hormonal imbalance leads to weight gain. Studies show that people who are awake at night eat more unhealthy foods. Additionally, people who sleep less than 7 hours a day tend to gain more weight and have an increased risk of obesity. Sleepless nights can also wreak havoc on the digestive system, as the way the body eliminates glucose during the night changes. This causes health problems like diabetes or long-term kidney failure.

Low immunity: Sleep affects your immune system. If you start to get sick and you don’t sleep well, you won’t be able to put up enough defenses to fight off illness or infection. Take care to sleep at night, especially in winter when flu outbreaks and colds are common.

The Depression: People who go to bed late at night have more symptoms of depression. The brain activity of people with depression appears different in sleep and wakefulness than in healthy people. During the day, our internal biological clock resists sleep and is more excited. At night, these fluctuations disappear and sleep is promoted. However, these rhythms are disrupted in people with depression. The melatonin that rises in the evening is useless, and cortisol levels stay consistently high instead of dropping at night. So much so that nowadays circadian-based treatments for depression are being applied instead of antidepressants in many countries. Depressed people are exposed to bright light for a week and then left awake for an entire day. With these processes, we try to reorganize the internal clock. The American Psychiatric Association says light therapy is as effective as antidepressants for treating non-seasonal depression.

Impairment of brain functions: The brains of people who sleep late have a different physiological structure. German researchers have demonstrated this in a study. Brain imaging of those who got up early, went to bed late and had an unstable sleep pattern was analyzed. It was observed that the amount of white matter, which facilitates communication between nerve cells, in the brains of those who were sleep deprived at night across all groups decreased. White matter deficiency is associated with depression and disruption of normal cognitive functions. You may think you will get good results in the morning or that you will work overtime for exams. But nighttime insomnia drastically reduces your productivity and reduces your learning and memory functions.

The pattern the body is used to for staying healthy changes

Our cities are illuminated by millions of artificial lights that will disrupt the sleep hormone, melatonin, that our body secretes at nightfall. We bring home work, stay awake for hours, and constantly load our bodies with cortisol, the stress hormone. We don’t drop our smartphones or leave the computer until late. These are the reasons our bodies are used to staying healthy. Therefore, we can face serious illnesses.

Protein levels deteriorate

In fact, it is the most ideal way to get a job according to our biological clock. But most of us do the night shift once in a while out of necessity. Scientists at the University of Colorado at Boulder studied how protein levels change over a 24-hour period based on when a person sleeps and when they eat. According to research, staying up all night can affect over 100 proteins in the blood. Even changing just one of these proteins can disrupt levels of proteins known to affect metabolism, the immune system, blood sugar and cancer risk. The protein called glucagon is at high levels in people who suffer from insomnia or who don’t sleep through the night. This is a protein that triggers the release of blood sugar from the liver. High levels of this protein increase the risk of diabetes. Insomnia causes a 20% decrease in a protein called fibroblast growth factor 2, this protein controls energy expenditure and calorie burning. Reducing these protein levels reduces the total calorie burning capacity of people with disrupted circadian rhythms by about 10% and weight gain begins.

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